- Energy efficient
- Turn-key system
- Hygienic and easy to clean
- Compact and fully integrated
KubeHatch has been developed for the hatching phase in the production of salmonides. The system has both economic and environmental advantages as well as allowing for a season independent and safe production of fry under optimal aquatic conditions.
Lower energy consuption.
The energy demand for heating the water in a recirculation facility is greatly reduced compared to flow through systems because of a considerably lower water consumption. In addition, the velocity of the pumps is regulated according to the requirements by means of frequency converters. Thus KUBEhatch will be a profitable investment.
Control and quality assurance
All system information is submitted to an integrated control system PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) which transfers the information to a touch screen for the daily operation and to a PC in which the data is logged. The operator can monitor the production, control the water flow, the temperature and the water quality. In case of any fault, alarms are trigged and back-up functions are automatically activated.
In KubeHatch, the water is treated in a comprehensive water treatment system. The “core” of the system is a bio filter in which bacteria convert the dissolved waste products in the water to non-hazardous compounds. The bacteria in the bio filter reduce the possibility of “opportunistic” and unwanted bacteria and fungi being established and thus prevent potential serious damage to eggs and fry. A stable environment is very important for the fish in the earliest stages during which it has a limited immune defence system. A good start is important for the results later in the production cycle.
This period from hatching to start of feeding is a vulnerable time for the fish, in which both biological and physical/chemical environmental conditions have major impact. Providing a stable environment in this early stage of life may therefore be crucial for the health and development of the fish during the further growth after the hatchery. The energy demand for heating the water in a recirculation facility is greatly reduced compared to flow through systems because of much lower water consumption. The reduction is 95-99 % depending on how the system is operated. Thus, KubeHatch offers both costs and environmenta l advantages, and allow for season independent production of start feeding fry in optimal aquatic conditions.
When the environment around the fish is stable without any marked fluctuations
in temperature, pH, and other stress factors such as for example daily work operations, the fry will exploit more of the yolk nutrition for growth and development.
Intensive recirculation of water in a fish production system entails that the water is treated in a comprehensive water treatment system. The treatment involves solid captures by means of sieving, removal of dissolved pollutants in a bioreactor (biofilter), disinfection, degassing (CO2 and nitrogen), as well as oxygen injection. The circulation of the water through the water treatment adds physical energy to the water which is converted into heat, and in certain conditions, it may be necessary to cool down the water in order to obtain the correct temperature.
Removal of large particles
During the hatching period there is a peak in the production of particles (particularly in the hatching stage) which must be removed. KUBE®hatch is equipped with a micro sieve for efficient removal of particles greater than 30μm which are removed together with the flushing water from the sieve.
In KUBE®hatch the disinfection system is based on UV light radiation of the recirculated water which is efficient without producing poisoning by-products. The UV intensity is measured by means of a UV sensor. The disinfection unit employs medium pressure UV lamps, which produce light with a broader spectre of wavelengths than low pressure lamps. So-called medium pressure lamps are more efficient than low pressure lamps in preventing the microorganisms coming alive again after having been subjected to the UV radiation as it produces a broader spectre of UV-C waves. Whereas the low pressure lamp only affects the DNA, the medium pressure lamp destroys DNA, cell walls, proteins and enzymes, making the microorganisms unable to reproduce.
Fine solid and dissolved organic matter capture
The filtered and UV treated water enters into a so-called skimmer which in principle removes tiny particles and partly dissolved matter in that it is ”attached” to small bubbles of air and creates a foam which contains the waste products. In the skimmer, there are diffusers which create small bubbles of air in the flow of water. The foam that is formed – and there may be considerable quantities of it in the hatching stage – is removed on the top of the skimmer by means of a vacuum suction system.
In KUBE®hatch , a biofilter which is designed as a “moving bed bioreactor” is employed. The biofilter medium consists of specially designed plastic units (BF Chip 1200) on which colonies of bacteria are established by growth on the surface of these plastic units. The bacteria growth is called a biofilm, and as the plastic units are constantly moving in the water, there is good contact between the water volume in the reactor and the biofilm. The biofilter is divided into 3 chambers placed in series and separated by a grid between each chamber so that the medium are restricted from floating freely. The MBBR
technology has many advantages compared to stationary biofilter media. This is particularly the case in the exploitation of the filter capacity and the flexibility with reference to operational routines for a system in operation. As an example, cleaning and disinfection of a MBBR system can be considerably easier than for example a stationary system. The reactor in KUBE®hatch is designed for optimization of hydraulic dynamics and avoidance of dead zones. A diffuser situated in the bottom of the reactor adds oxygen to the water and at the same time removes CO2 . The diffuser also ensures continuous movement of the bio carriers so that there is sufficient stirring of the water, a good contact surface between bio carriers and the water, and less accumulation of solids.
Gas exchange and control of the total gas level
In KUBE®hatch, a vacuum degasser is applied to keep optimal TGS-levels (total gas saturation) throughout the hatching process. In the vacuum degasser, some of the dissolved nitrogen (N2 ) in the water is removed so that the saturation of nitrogen in the system will always be below 100%. This secures that no bubbles of gas will be created under grids in the hatching cabinets connected to the water treatment system.
In contrast to the flow- through systems, the waterin a recirculation system has to be cooled down. In KUBE®hatch the heat gain is 0.2o C in every cycle due to excess heat from the various processes of the water treatment. The cooling/heating system is controlled by sensors and integrated with a Programmable Logical Control (PLC) system. The compressor is frequency controlled to regulate its speed according to the temperature difference in the system, thus energy saving. The cooling/heating system can treat make-up water with temperatures between 0- 16o C and is designed to keep a water temperature of 6- 10oC.
The “core” of a recirculation systems is often a biofilter, in which the bacteria convert dissolved waste (ammonium and organic matter) produced by the fish into harmless compounds. In addition to the biological water treatment, one also believe that the properties of the microorganisms in a well functioning biofilter contribute to creating a stable water environment for fish in recirculation facilities. In intensive production systems, “opportunistic” and undesirable bacteria and fungi may establish; a situation whichmay easily result in damage to the eggs and fry. If one succeeds in controlling these and rather add “friendly” microorganisms to the system as these that are found in a biofilter, this will be an advantage. In particular, this may be advantageous in the very first stages of the fish’ life during which it has a limited immune defence. A good start is important for the results later in the production cycle.
KUBE®hatch 8000 is able to supply 7 CompHatch units, which equals a production of 2.5 million eggs/fry. The water flow in the system is 800 l/min, of which 5-10 l/min “new” water is supplied per recirculationcycle. This means that 98.5% of the total water volume in this system is recycled.
Totally Integrated Control System
To ensure that all processes and water quality parameters remain stable, a reliable monitoring and control system is needed. KUBE®hatch has an integrated system for optimal quality assurance in which all system information is transmitted to a PLC system. The PLC is connected to a touch screen in vicinity of the hatchery for daily operations.
The PLC controls the frequency converters and adjusts the pumping rate according to the requirements. The touch screen are able of performing databased logging and presentation of:
- Oksygen, pH og temperatur før og etter klekkeenhetenet
- Vannstrøm til bioreaktor, og før klekkeenhetene
- Total gassmetning (TGS) før og etter klekkeenhetene
- Vannivå i det mekaniske filteret og i buffertanken
When the PLC detects errors in the system an alarm goes off that can be sent to a control system in the facility. It is possible to operate the system from PC, MAC, tablets, iPad or mobile phones. It is also possible to install equipment for full remote assistance via internet.
In case of an electrical breakdown, the PLC, touchscreen, instruments and alarms will be powered from an UPS with a battery bank so that the monitoring and control is feasible until the power supply is back.
KUBE®hatch will be a profitable investment as the energy costs are considerably reduced both for heating as well as cooling of the intake water. The number of years before the investment is profitable will depend on the intake temperature and the number of days in operation. The energy and cost calculations that are based on a production volume of 2 million fry and awater flow of 800 l/min, where the energy installation of the flow through system consists of a heat pump and a heat exchanger, shows that: KUBE®hatch requires approximately the same energy costs at increased ΔT°C, whereas a flow through system on the other hand, presents a considerable linear increase at increased ΔT°C. If the intake water is heated/cooled down by 8°C, the monthly costs for KUBE®hatch will be close to 6 times less than for a flow through system (Fig1). With a ΔT of 8°C, it will take only 3 ½ years before the investment and energy costs of a flow through system exceed the investment and energy costs related to KUBE®hatch. From this point on, you will have a yearly (6 months’ operation) saving with KUBE®hatch of about €35, 000 compared to a flow through system (Fig2).
Med en ΔT på 8 °C vil det ta kun 31/2 år før investerings- og energikostnader av et gjennomstrømssystem overstiger investerings- og energikostnader tilknyttet KubeHatch. Fra dette tidspunkt vil man med KubeHatch ha en årlig innsparing på ca. 300 000 NOK (ved 6 mnd drift) sammenlignet med et gjennomstrømssystem (Fig2).
Fig 1. The diagram shows the monthly energy costs during operation of the recirculation system KUBE®hatch and a flow through system (FT) at various heating/ cooling rates (ΔT°C).
Fig2. Grafen viser investeringskostnader og energiforbruk ved drift av KubeHatch og et gjennomstrømssystem over 6 år ved ulike oppvarmings-/ kjølegrader (ΔT °C).
The diagram shows the advantages with KUBE®hatch, which has good operational control, a stable microflora and energy saving devices. In addition, the expectations are to experience reduction in the mortality rates as a result of better water quality and more stable environmental conditions. If the mortality rates are reduced there will also be associated cost advantages. In KUBE®hatch, all material and equipment are selected with reference to durability and long service life. The integrated system’s design makes satisfactory cleaning and disinfection easy. It can be expected that the time/costs related to cleaning and maintenance will be considerably reduced after the transition to KUBE®hatch.